Hydrocephalus Drainage

•What is hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus is a medical condition that occurs when extra fluid builds up in the brain. The fluid accumulates inside the ventricles, or cavities, of the brain and causes them to expand. As the ventricles enlarge, the pressure on the brain increases and can lead to serious health problems and even loss of life if not treated quickly and correctly. Hydrocephalus can be present at birth (congenital), acquired, or develop as a result of an underlying condition. The cause of hydrocephalus can also be due to viral infection, trauma, brain tumors, vascular malformation, and others. Without proper treatment and drainage of the excess fluid, hydrocephalus can cause severe brain damage and even death.


Hydrocephalus is a medical condition that occurs when there is a buildup of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain. This buildup can cause dangerous pressure on the brain and long-term damage if not treated appropriately. The exact cause of hydrocephalus is not known, but the main causes include infections and genetic factors. Infections that may lead to hydrocephalus during or after pregnancy include untreated bacterial meningitis, a virus infection, or a rubella infection. Other causes for hydrocephalus in newborns can be attributed to severe jaundice, premature birth, and a blockage of the natural channels for draining the fluid from around the brain. Congenital structural abnormalities, including brain tumors, can also block the fluid’s natural pathways and cause hydrocephalus in adults and children. Additionally, the condition may sometimes develop due to an unusually noxious environment that can be caused by head trauma, infection like encephalitis, and complications after stroke. Delayed diagnosis and treatment of any of the previously mentioned issues can result in severe hydrocephalus.


Hydrocephalus is a condition in which there is an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain. It can occur at any age, but it is more common in infants and children. Common symptoms of hydrocephalus include an enlarged head, irritability, sleepiness, poor coordination, and significant learning difficulties. In some cases, people with hydrocephalus may experience headaches, double vision, seizures, vomiting, and loss of bladder control. In more severe cases, it can lead to coma and even death. Prompt diagnosis and treatment is important to minimize the long-term effects of hydrocephalus.


Hydrocephalus drainage requires an accurate diagnosis as it is a complex and serious condition. Doctors involved in the diagnosis of hydrocephalus will use a variety of tests to determine the most effective treatment options. Neurological tests such as CT scan and MRI can help to pinpoint the exact location where the fluid is not being managed properly. Blood tests can help to check for any infections that may be present and the presence of any genetic disorders that may be contributing to the condition. Further tests may be required to assess functioning of the brain, heart, and lungs. It is important to remember that the diagnosis of hydrocephalus is complex and requires a specialist and interdisciplinary approach. Treatment is also tailored to the individual patient, based on their diagnosis.


Hydrocephalus drainage, or shunt installation, is a common treatment option to reduce pressure in the brain caused by hydrocephalus. A shunt is a small, flexible tube with a valve at the end, which is inserted into the brain and then connected to another part of the body, most often the abdomen. When this connection is established, cerebrospinal fluid and excess fluid can be drained away from the brain, helping to reduce pressure. The shunt can be adjusted as needed, depending on the individual needs of the patient. Treatment for hydrocephalus is often ongoing, and can involve surgery, medication, or other treatments. In some cases, a shunt may need to be replaced, and the patient’s condition may require lifelong management. Monitoring of the patient’s symptoms, in combination with regular checkups, is important to ensure the shunt is functioning properly and managing the hydrocephalus effectively.

•Relieving pressure symptoms

Hydrocephalus drainage is a critical medical procedure that is used to treat hydrocephalus, a neurological condition characterized by an excessive amount of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain. Through hydrocephalus drainage, excess CSF is removed, relieving pressure symptoms and improving the patient’s quality of life. The procedure involves the insertion of a tube into a ventricle of the brain to drain the CSF and may also involve a shunt to divert the fluid to another region of the body. Health Benefits of Hydrocephalus Drainage:

  1. Reduction of pressure and prevention of further brain damage
  2. Improvement of mental and physical functioning
  3. Reduction of headaches and vomiting
  4. Prevention of seizures and other neurological disorders
  5. Prevention of vision and hearing loss

Hydrocephalus drainage can be a life-saving procedure for those suffering from hydrocephalus. It is important to seek medical attention if you are experiencing any of the symptoms of hydrocephalus and to discuss your options with your doctor.

•Risk Factors

Hydrocephalus drainage carries many risks and potential complications, which is why it is important to discuss the risks and potential complications with your doctor in detail prior to undergoing the procedure. The main risk factors associated with the procedure include the following:

  1. Infection
  2. Loss of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
  3. Bleeding
  4. Epileptic seizures
  5. Inflammation or swelling of the brain
  6. Brain damage
  7. Headache
  8. Nausea and vomiting
  9. Confusion or unconsciousness
  10. Stroke

Risks may also depend on the patient’s age and overall health. Your doctor will discuss these risks in detail with you and take all necessary precautions to reduce the chances of these risks occurring.


Hydrocephalus drainage can be a life-changing procedure for those suffering from the condition. It is important to remember that the procedure is effective, but not without risks. The outlook for those who have had a successful hydrocephalus drainage procedure is generally positive. With proper care and follow up, most people experience a return to a normal or near normal quality of life. It is important to remain alert to any changes in symptoms and to contact a healthcare professional if any arise. With proper care, hydrocephalus drainage can provide a long-term solution for those suffering from the condition.


Hydrocephalus drainage is a serious medical condition but it can be managed with the right medical care. Prevention is the best way to avoid the need for a drainage system. Regular medical checkups are important to monitor the pressure in the skull, and to detect any changes in the size and shape of the brain or skull. Keeping the head elevated when lying down and avoiding activities that involve straining, such as lifting heavy objects, can help reduce intraventricular pressure. Vaccination against meningococcal meningitis can help prevent some types of hydrocephalus. Additionally, if you have a family history of hydrocephalus, it is important to consult a doctor right away if you have any symptoms. Taking proactive steps can help ensure the best possible outcome.

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