Congenital Hydrocephalus ICD 10

Definition of Congenital Hydrocephalus

Congenital hydrocephalus is a medical condition involving an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within the ventricles of the brain, which can lead to an increase in size of the head. It is a congenital abnormality that is typically present at birth, but can manifest itself later in life. Symptoms can vary depending on the severity of the condition and may include developmental delays, vision impairment, headaches, difficulty walking and balance issues. Treatment can include medications, surgery or a combination of both, which can reduce fluid accumulation in the brain, improve pressure within the skull and reduce long-term effects.


Congenital hydrocephalus is a condition that affects newly born babies and can cause a range of symptoms. Symptoms generally depend on the severity and may include:

  1. An unusually large head
  2. An increase of pressure in the cranium
  3. Bulging fontanelles (soft spots on the baby’s head)
  4. A decrease in muscle tone
  5. Vomiting
  6. Seizures
  7. A protruding forehead
  8. Sunken eyes
  9. Delays in meeting physical and mental development milestones

If left untreated, hydrocephalus can cause permanent neurological damage, impair vision, or even lead to death in severe cases. Therefore, recognizing and treating the condition as soon as possible is vital.


Congenital hydrocephalus is a medical condition in which there is an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain of an infant that can cause enlargement of the ventricular system and impairment of the flow of the fluid through the ventricles. It is an uncommon congenital defect in newborns, but it can be life-threatening without prompt diagnosis and treatment. Diagnosis is usually made based on a physical exam and ultrasound imaging. The ultrasound images are used to measure the size of the ventricles in the brain and monitor fluid build-up. If health-care providers suspect a diagnosis of congenital hydrocephalus, the infant is usually referred to a specialist for further testing and the application of the appropriate ICD-10 code to the patient.


Treatment for congenital hydrocephalus is determined by the individual patient’s symptoms and the underlying cause. In some cases, the hydrocephalus may resolve on its own. For those that require treatment, surgery is often the first step. The goal of surgery is to reduce the amount of fluid in the brain or divert it to other parts of the body. This is typically done by inserting a shunt, or tube, in the brain that drains into another part of the body. Other surgical procedures may be recommended if shunt placement is not successful. In rare cases, a craniotomy may be recommended to remove a tumor or cyst that is causing the hydrocephalus. In addition to surgical treatments, medications can be used to help reduce headaches, reduce intracranial pressure, and treat infections. Physical and occupational therapy may also be recommended to help improve mobility and coordination, as well as speech and language therapy for those whose speech has been affected by the hydrocephalus.


Congenital hydrocephalus can lead to a variety of health complications in those affected by it. It can cause physical disabilities, such as trouble with movement, balance, and coordination, as well as cognitive and mental impairments, such as difficulty with memory, concentration, and communication. Visual impairments, including double vision, can also be a result. Other potential health complications include seizures, headaches, and urinary incontinence. In some cases, the condition can even be life-threatening if left untreated. The severity of the symptoms and complications can vary greatly depending on the severity of the hydrocephalus and the individual’s age and overall health. Early diagnosis and treatment can help to reduce the risk of long-term complications.

ICD 10 Classification

Congenital hydrocephalus is a medical condition that is classified under the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) 10. It affects the newborns and infants and can cause a number of complications, such as increased intracranial pressure, brain damage, and seizures. The ICD 10 classification of this condition is as follows:

  1. Q00-Q07- Congenital malformations of the nervous system
  2. Q04- Hydrocephalus
  3. Q04.0- Congenital hydrocephalus

It is important to note that hydrocephalus can be caused by a variety of genetic and environmental factors. Diagnosing and treating this condition is essential in order to prevent any long-term complications. Early diagnosis and treatment can help reduce the risk of serious brain damage and other neurological problems.

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