• Definition of scoliosis
Scoliosis is a medical condition of the spinal column in which the spine has an abnormal, sideways curvature. This condition can be mild, severe, or somewhere in between. In mild cases, the curvature is less than 10 degrees. In more severe cases, the curvature can be greater than 30 degrees. Scoliosis can happen in both children and adults, although it is more common in children. The cause of scoliosis is unknown but can be genetic, muscular, or caused by another underlying medical condition. Treatment includes physical therapy, bracing, and in severe cases, surgery. Regular check-ups with an orthopedic specialist can help detect the onset or progression of scoliosis, as well as help provide proper treatment plans.
• Types and classification of scoliosis
Scoliosis is a medical condition in which the spine curves and twists abnormally, leading to an asymmetrical ‘S’ or ‘C’ shape. It is classified into two main types: structural and non-structural. Structural scoliosis is caused by a problem with the bones of the spine, and may require surgery if it is severe. Non-structural scoliosis is usually caused by temporary conditions such as muscle spasms and may improve without surgery. Other classifications of scoliosis include adolescent idiopathic, infantile, juvenile, and adult scoliosis. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is the most common type and typically starts between 10 and 12 years old. Infantile scoliosis includes any scoliosis detected in children under three years old. Juvenile scoliosis is diagnosed in children aged three to 10 years old, and adult scoliosis is diagnosed in anyone aged 18 and over. Diagnosing scoliosis involves a physical exam and sometimes laboratory tests to look for underlying causes. Treatment for scoliosis depends on the type and severity of the condition, and can include exercise, bracing and surgery.
• Symptoms of 38° scoliosis
People with 38° scoliosis may experience a wide range of symptoms, though the severity of each symptom can vary greatly. Some of the most common signs of 38° scoliosis include uneven shoulders, waist, or hips; a rib hump; and one shoulder blade that sticks out more prominently than the other. More serious symptoms can include pain and fatigue in the back, neck, and legs; reduced range of motion; and difficulty standing or sitting straight. If left untreated, 38° scoliosis can become severe and even lead to deformities in the spine. It’s important for anyone experiencing these symptoms to seek medical help as soon as possible in order to prevent further damage.
• Treatment of 38° scoliosis
Treating 38° scoliosis is essential to preserve the patient’s spinal alignment and reduce the risk of additional complications. Treatment options vary depending on the severity of the case. For mild cases, physical therapy and bracing can be used to correct the alignment and reduce pain. Moderate cases might require additional measures, such as casting or surgery. More severe cases may require surgeries, such as spinal fusion and instrumentation, to provide stability and optimize the patient’s alignment. The best treatment plan for 38° scoliosis should be determined by a team of healthcare professionals, including an orthopedic surgeon, a physical therapist, and a spine specialist.
• After-treatment care
Once a patient has undergone treatment for scoliosis, it is essential to ensure the spine is cared for properly to maintain its properly curved shape. After-treatment care might include strengthening exercises, such as using an exercise ball and doing exercises that improve both flexibility and strength in the core and upper body. To prevent any future damage, it is also important to avoid activities that promote an unnatural curvature in the spine, such as carrying heavy backpacks and asleep in awkward positions. Wearing a back brace to support the spine may also be recommended, if the condition is serious enough. Of course, it is always important to pay attention to any signs of pain and to contact a professional if any changes occur. By practicing good after-treatment care, those with scoliosis can continue to lead a healthy, pain-free life and stay physically active.
• Prevalence of 38° scoliosis
Scoliosis is a disorder that affects approximately six to nine million people in the United States alone. While a mild scoliosis can cause few or no symptoms, a more severe form can be progressive and cause pain and discomfort. One particular kind of scoliosis, known as 38° scoliosis, is particularly severe, and is believed to affect around 1-2% of all scoliosis cases. While it is relatively rare in the population, more than half of scoliosis patients in the Department of Orthopedic Surgery at Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital are diagnosed with 38° scoliosis. Like other types of scoliosis, 38° scoliosis is characterized by an abnormal curving of the spine, with some cases causing a total spinal curvature of up to 60 or even 80 degrees from the norm. It is most dangerous when left untreated as it can cause a range of other problems, such as increased pressure on the lungs and difficulty with certain bodily movements.
Scoliosis is a condition that affects many people, whether they are aware of it or not. In some cases, this condition can lead to pain or discomfort, and in extreme cases, even surgery. Treatment options range from simple exercises and stretches to more involved interventions such as braces and even surgery. Although scoliosis is not always curable, early detection and intervention can help to manage the severity of the condition. It is important to seek medical advice from a qualified professional if you think you may have scoliosis, as it can be treated with a variety of methods. Being proactive with your health can help to manage the condition and allow you to live a more comfortable life.